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• Our up-to-date review of nanowires:

(A survey in Nature 2006 on "what's Hot" has put nanowire research on No. 2 in the list for hot topics in physics....Nature 441 (2006) 265.) 

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Article Outline:



1. Introduction

2. Growth technologies for nanowires

2.1. Vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) technique

2.2. Laser-assisted growth

2.3. Thermal evaporation

2.4. Metal-catalyzed molecular-beam epitaxy

2.5. Solution methods

3. Growth mechanisms of nanowires

3.1. Metal-catalyzed growth

3.2. Vapor–solid growth

3.2.1. Internal anisotropic surfaces

3.2.2. Crystal defects

3.2.3. Self-catalytic growth

3.3. Oxide-assisted growth

3.3.1. Kinetics and reactivity of silicon oxide in nucleation and growth

3.3.2. Effect of defects in 1D growth

3.3.3. Effect of external electrical field in 1D growth

3.4. Self-assembly growth from solution

3.4.1. Solution-liquid-solid (SLS) growth from seeds

3.4.2. Self-assembly oriented attachment growth

3.4.3. Anisotropic growth of crystals by kinetic control

4. Controlled growth of nanowires

4.1. Control of structures, growth direction and defects in nanowires

4.1.1. Interface structures

4.1.2. The growth direction of VLS nanowires

4.1.3. Defects in nanowires

4.1.4. From nanowire to nanoribbon

4.2. Structural transformation in nanowires

4.2.1. Surface relaxation and saturation of zinc oxide nanowires

4.2.2. The stability of Si nanowires

4.2.3. Optical rapid annealing effect

4.3. Contacts and heterostructures in nanowires

4.3.1. Metal-semiconductor contacts

4.3.2. Heterostructures in nanowires

5. Other challenging nanowire structures

5.1. Non-tetrahedral Si nanowires

5.2. Oxide nanowires

5.2.1. Silicon oxide nanowires

5.2.2. Silicon dioxide tube-like nanowires

5.2.3. Zinc oxide tube-like nanowires

6. Concluding remarks

Acknowledgements

References

 

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Copyright © 2013  Dr. Ning WANG. Department of Physics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. All rights reserved.